The most common question I’m asked by folks making a primary enquiry about counselling is ‘What type of counselling do you do?’
What is normally meant by this is, ‘What kinds of drawback do you provide counselling for?’ Most counsellors and psychotherapists, myself included, don’t concentrate on one type of drawback, as all problems or difficulties affecting feelings and thinking have similarities, and mostly reply to remedy in similar ways.
So the reply to the query ‘What sorts of problem do you provide counselling for?’ can be something like ‘Difficulties with feelings and thinking’, somewhat than particular single points like, say, ‘low self worth’, or ‘concern of failure’. Most counselling and psychotherapy offers with the entire individual, and would not normally separate off one thing they’re thinking or feeling or doing.
This is simply a normal rule, however. There are some therapies which do specialize in specific types of difficulty, typically ones which employ a specific solution-based approach. Counselling for addictions is an obvious example, a specialism which normally includes a progressive, guided programme. Others might be bereavement or consuming problems. Explicit section of the inhabitants, comparable to young people or women, may additionally be identified as teams needing a specialist approach to some extent, but on the entire these use the identical techniques as some other psychological counselling. The primary distinction is perhaps that the company has been set up to cope with that specific problem or group, has acquired funding for it, and so focuses it is sources in that area. An individual counsellor or psychothearpist could deal in a particlar space because it has particularly interested them, or they’ve achieved additional training in it, or possibly had particular experience of the difficulty themselves.
What counsellors and psychotherapists imply once they speak of various types of therapy is the difference within the theoretical orientation of the therapist, not within the types of downside in which they specialise. There are a number or appraoches, broadly divisible into the three areas of Humanistic, Psychodynamic and Cognitve-Behavioural. Even a brief description of each type of method and it’s subdivisions is beyond the scope of this article. I’ll therefore restrict it to the two most important approaches which I make use of myself, Particular person Centred (a ‘humanistic’ method) and Psychodynamic.
Person Centred Counselling and Psychotherapy
On the centre of the Individual Centred strategy is the idea that the Counsellor is a ‘guest’ on the earth of the shopper’s experience, with all that this implies relating to respect and trust.
The client is considered to be primarily reliable, that she or he is aware of someplace, by some means, what they need, and Bayside Psychologist that they’ve a need for growth. The counsellor can help carry these right into awareness and assist the consumer to utilise them.
Another central concept is ‘circumstances of worth’. Circumstances are imposed early in life by which a person measures their own value, how settle forable or unacceptable they are. A simple example could be ‘Don’t ever be indignant, or you can be an unsightly, shameful person, and you’ll not be loved.’ The message this carries could be something like ‘If I’m offended it means I’m valueless, due to this fact I mustn’t ever be angry.’ The particular person will inevitably feel indignant, probably frequently, and conclude from this that they have to therefore be valueless, ugly, shameful. Another is perhaps ‘For those who don’t do well academically, it means you might be stupid and you may be a failure in life’. This form of condition will tend to stay with the particular person indefinitely, and he or she may need been struggling for years to live as much as what might be not possible circumstances of worth. If this form of internal conviction is dropped at light, and it’s roots understood fully, it is likely to be that the individual can see that it’s not actually true, it’s been put there by others, and my be able to move away from it.